Zypadhera - Consumer Medicine Information
|Manufacture:||Eli Lilly and Company|
|Condition:||Agitated State, Agitation, Anorexia, Anorexia Nervosa, Bipolar Disorder, Major Depressive Disorder, Schizoaffective Disorder, Schizophrenia, Tourette's Syndrome|
|Class:||Antipsychotics, Atypical antipsychotics|
|Form:||Intramuscular (IM), Powder|
|Ingredients:||olanzapine, carmellose sodium, mannitol, polysorbate 80, water for injections, hydrochloric acid and sodium hydroxide.|
What Zypadhera is and What it is Used For
ZYPADHERA contains the active substance olanzapine. ZYPADHERA belongs to a group of medicines called antipsychotics and is used to treat schizophrenia - a disease with symptoms such as hearing, seeing or sensing things which are not there, mistaken beliefs, unusual suspiciousness, and becoming withdrawn. People with this disease may also feel depressed, anxious or tense.
ZYPADHERA is intended for adult patients who are sufficiently stabilised during treatment with oral olanzapine.
What You Need to Know Before You are Given Zypadhera
You Should not be Given Zypadhera if you Have
- an allergy (hypersensitivity) to olanzapine or any of the other ingredients of this medicine (listed in Contents of the Pack and Other Information). An allergic reaction may be recognised as a rash, itching, a swollen face, swollen lips or shortness of breath. If this has happened to you, tell your nurse or doctor.
- been previously diagnosed with eye problems such as certain kinds of glaucoma (increased pressure in the eye).
Warnings and Precautions
Talk to your doctor or nurse before you are given ZYPADHERA
- An uncommon but serious reaction might occur after you receive each injection. ZYPADHERA can sometimes enter the bloodstream too quickly. If this happens, you may have the symptoms listed below after your injection. In some cases, these symptoms can lead to unconsciousness.
- excessive sleepiness
- increase in blood pressure
- difficulty talking
- difficulty walking
- muscle stiffness or shaking
These symptoms typically resolve within 24 to 72 hours after your injection. After each injection you will be observed in your healthcare facility for at least 3 hours for the symptoms listed above.
Although unlikely, you may get the symptoms more than 3 hours after the injection. If this happens, contact your doctor or nurse immediately. Because of this risk, do not drive or operate machinery for the remainder of the day after each injection.
- Tell the doctor or nurse if you feel dizzy or faint after the injection. You will probably need to lie down until you feel better. The doctor or nurse may also want to measure your blood pressure and pulse.
- The use of ZYPADHERA in elderly patients with dementia (confusion and memory loss) is not recommended as it may have serious side effects.
- Very rarely, medicines of this type may cause unusual movements mainly of the face or tongue or a combination of fever, faster breathing, sweating, muscle stiffness and drowsiness or sleepiness. If this happens after you have been given ZYPADHERA, tell your doctor or nurse immediately.
- Weight gain has been seen in patients taking ZYPADHERA. You and your doctor should check your weight regularly. Consider referral to a dietician or help with a diet plan if necessary.
- High blood sugar and high levels of fat (triglycerides and cholesterol) have been seen in patients taking ZYPADHERA. Your doctor should do blood tests to check blood sugar and certain fat levels before you start taking ZYPADHERA and regularly during treatment. Tell the doctor if you or someone else in your family has a history of blood clots, as medicines like these have been associated with formation of blood clots.
Tell your doctor as soon as possible if any of the following applies to you:
- Stroke or “mini” stroke (temporary symptoms of stroke)
- Parkinson’s disease
- Prostate problems
- A blocked intestine (Paralytic ileus)
- Liver or kidney disease
- Blood disorders
- A recent heart attack, heart disease, sick sinus syndrome, (abnormal heart rhythms), unstable angina or low blood pressure
As a routine precaution, if you are over 65 years your doctor may monitor your blood pressure.
ZYPADHERA is not recommended to be started if you are over 75 years.
Children and Adolescents
ZYPADHERA is not for patients who are under 18 years.
Other Medicines and Zypadhera
Tell your doctor if you are taking, have recently taken or might take any other medicines.
In particular, tell your doctor if you are taking:
- medicines for Parkinson’s disease.
- carbamazepine (an anti-epileptic and mood stabiliser), fluvoxamine (an antidepressant) or ciprofloxacin (an antibiotic) - it may be necessary to change your ZYPADHERA dose.
If you are already taking antidepressants, medicines for anxiety or to help you sleep (tranquillisers), you may feel drowsy if ZYPADHERA is given.
Zypadhera With Alcohol
Do not drink any alcohol if you have been given ZYPADHERA as together with alcohol it may make you feel drowsy.
Pregnancy and Breast-feeding
If you are pregnant or breast-feeding, think you may be pregnant or are planning to have a baby, ask your doctor for advice before being given this injection.
You should not be given this injection if you are breast-feeding as small amounts of olanzapine can pass into breast milk.
The following symptoms may occur in newborn babies, of mothers that have used ZYPAHDERA in the last trimester (last three months of their pregnancy): shaking, muscle stiffness and/or weakness, sleepiness, agitation, breathing problems, and difficulty in feeding. If your baby develops any of these symptoms you may need to contact your doctor.
Driving and Using Machines
Do not drive or operate machinery for the remainder of the day after each injection.
How Zypadhera is Given
Your doctor will decide how much ZYPADHERA you need and how often you need to be given an injection. ZYPADHERA is given in doses of 150 mg to 300 mg every 2 weeks or 300 mg to 405 mg every 4 weeks.
ZYPADHERA comes as a powder which your doctor or nurse will make into a suspension that will then be injected into the muscle in your buttock.
If You are Given More Zypadhera than Needed
This medicine will be given to you under medical supervision, it is therefore unlikely that you will be given too much.
Patients who have been given too much olanzapine have also experienced the following symptoms:
- rapid beating of the heart, agitation/aggressiveness, problems with speech, unusual movements (especially of the face or tongue) and reduced level of consciousness.
Other symptoms may include:
- acute confusion, seizures (epilepsy), coma, a combination of fever, faster breathing, sweating, muscle stiffness, and drowsiness or sleepiness; slower breathing, aspiration, high or low blood pressure, abnormal rhythms of the heart.
Contact your doctor or hospital straight away if you experience any of the above symptoms.
If You Miss an Injection of Zypadhera
Do not stop your treatment just because you feel better. It is important that you carry on receiving ZYPADHERA for as long as your doctor has told you to.
If you miss an injection, you should contact your doctor to arrange your next injection as soon as you can.
If you have any further questions on the use of this medicine, ask your doctor or nurse.
Possible Side Effects
Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.
Tell your doctor immediately if you have:
- excessive sleepiness, dizziness, confusion, disorientation, difficulty talking, difficulty walking, muscle stiffness or shaking, weakness, irritability, aggression, anxiety, increase in blood pressure, or convulsions and can lead to unconsciousness. These signs and symptoms can sometimes occur as a result of ZYPADHERA entering the bloodstream too quickly (a common side effect that may affect up to1 in10 people);
- unusual movement (a common side effect that may affect up to 1 in 10 people) mainly of the face or tongue;
- blood clots in the veins (an uncommon side effect that may affect up to 1in 100 people) especially in the legs (symptoms include swelling, pain, and redness in the leg), which may travel through blood vessels to the lungs causing chest pain and difficulty in breathing. If you notice any of these symptoms seek medical advice immediately;
- a combination of fever, faster breathing, sweating, muscle stiffness and drowsiness or sleepiness (the frequency of this side effect cannot be estimated from the available data).
Other common side effects (may affect up to 1 in 10 people) with ZYPADHERA include sleepiness and injection site pain.
Rare side effects (may affect up to 1 in 1000 people) with ZYPADHERA include injection site infection.
The side effects listed below have been observed when oral olanzapine has been given but may occur following administration of ZYPADHERA.
Other very common side effects (may affect more than 1 in 10 people) include weight gain; and increases in levels of prolactin in the blood. In the early stages of treatment, some people may feel dizzy or faint (with a slow heart rate), especially when getting up from a lying or sitting position. This will usually pass on its own but if it does not, tell your doctor.
Other common side effects (may affect up to 1 in 10 people) include changes in the levels of some blood cells, circulating fats and in early treatment, temporary increases in liver enzymes; increases in the level of sugars in the blood and urine; increases in levels of uric acid and creatine phosphokinase in the blood; feeling more hungry; dizziness; restlessness; tremor; unusual movements (dyskinesias); constipation; dry mouth; rash; loss of strength; extreme tiredness; water retention leading to swelling of the hands, ankles or feet; fever; joint pain; and sexual dysfunctions such as decreased libido in males and females or erectile dysfunction in males.
Other uncommon side effects (may affect up to 1 in 100 people) include hypersensitivity (e.g. swelling in the mouth and throat, itching; rash); diabetes or the worsening of diabetes, occasionally associated with ketoacidosis (ketones in the blood and urine) or coma; seizures, usually associated with a history of seizures (epilepsy); muscle stiffness or spasms (including eye movements); problems with speech; slow heart rate; sensitivity to sunlight; bleeding from the nose: abdominal distension; memory loss or forgetfulness; urinary incontinence; lack of ability to urinate; hair loss; absence or decrease in menstrual periods; and changes in breasts in males and females such as an abnormal production of breast milk or abnormal growth.
Rare side effects (may affect up to 1 in 1000 people) include lowering of normal body temperature; abnormal rhythms of the heart; sudden unexplained death; inflammation of the pancreas causing severe stomach pain, fever and sickness; liver disease appearing as yellowing of the skin and white parts of the eyes; muscle disease presenting as unexplained aches and pains; and prolonged and/or painful erection.
While taking olanzapine, elderly patients with dementia may suffer from stroke, pneumonia, urinary incontinence, falls, extreme tiredness, visual hallucinations, a rise in body temperature, redness of the skin and have trouble walking. Some fatal cases have been reported in this particular group of patients.
In patients with Parkinson's disease oral olanzapine may worsen the symptoms.
Reporting of Side Effects
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or nurse. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. You can also report side effects directly via United Kingdom: Yellow Card Scheme, website: www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard , Ireland: HPRA Pharmacovigilance, Earlsfort Terrace, IRL - Dublin 2, Tel: +353 1 6764971, Fax: +353 1 6762517, website: www.hpra.ie, e-mail: email@example.com , Malta: ADR Reporting, website: www.medicinesauthority.gov.mt/adrportal. By reporting side effects you can help provide more information on the safety of this medicine.
How to Store Zypadhera
Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of children.
The injection must not be given after the expiry date which is stated on the carton.
Do not refrigerate or freeze.
Chemical and physical stability of the suspension in the vials has been demonstrated for 24 hours at 20-25 °C. From a microbiological point of view, the product should be used immediately. If not used immediately, in-use storage times and conditions prior to use are the responsibility of the user and would normally not be longer than 24 hours at 20-25°C. Do not use this product if you notice discolouration or other visible signs of deterioration.
If the medicine is not used right away, it should be shaken vigorously to re-suspend. Once withdrawn from vial into the syringe, the suspension should be used immediately.
Do not throw away any medicines via wastewater or household waste. Ask your pharmacist how to throw away medicines you no longer use. These measures will help to protect the environment.
Contents of the Pack and Other Information
What Zypadhera Contains
The active substance is olanzapine.
ZYPADHERA 210 mg: Each vial contains olanzapine pamoate monohydrate equivalent to 210 mg olanzapine.
ZYPADHERA 300 mg: Each vial contains olanzapine pamoate monohydrate equivalent to 300 mg olanzapine.
ZYPADHERA 405 mg: Each vial contains olanzapine pamoate monohydrate equivalent to 405 mg olanzapine.
After reconstitution: 1ml suspension contains 150 mg/ml olanzapine.
The solvent ingredients are carmellose sodium, mannitol, polysorbate 80, water for injections, hydrochloric acid and sodium hydroxide.
What Zypadhera Looks Like and Contents of the Pack
ZYPADHERA powder for prolonged release suspension for injection comes as a yellow powder in a clear glass vial. Your doctor or nurse will make it into a suspension that will be given as an injection using the vial of solvent for ZYPADHERA that comes as a clear, colourless to slightly yellow solution in a clear glass vial.
ZYPADHERA is a powder and solvent for prolonged release suspension for injection. One carton contains one vial of powder for prolonged release suspension for injection, one vial of 3 ml solvent, one syringe with safety needle, 19 gauge, 38mm, attached and three separate safety needles; one 19 gauge, 38mm needle and two 19 gauge 50mm needles.
Marketing Authorisation Holder
Eli Lilly Nederland BV, Papendorpseweg 83, 3528 BJ Utrecht, The Netherlands.
Lilly S.A., Avda. de la Industria 30, 28108 Alcobendas, Madrid, Spain.
For any information about this medicine, please contact the local representative of the Marketing Authorisation Holder:
Eli Lilly and Company (Ireland) Limited
Tel: + 353 (0) 1 661 4377
Charles de Giorgio Ltd.
Tel: + 356 25600 500
Eli Lilly and Company Limited
Tel: +44 (0) 1256 315000
Detailed information on this medicine is available on the European Medicines Agency web site: http://www.ema.europa.eu