Yentreve - Consumer Medicine Information
|Manufacture:||Eli Lilly and Company|
|Condition:||Depression, Diabetic Kidney Disease (Diabetic Nephropathy)|
|Ingredients:||substance is duloxetine, hypromellose, hypromellose acetate succinate, sucrose, sugar spheres, talc, titanium dioxide (E171), triethyl citrate, gelatin, sodium lauryl sulfate, titanium dioxide (E171), indigo carmine (E132), red iron oxide and yellow iron oxide, edible black, synthetic black iron oxide (E172), propylene glycol, shellac.|
What Yentreve is and What it is Used For
Yentreve contains the active substance duloxetine. Yentreve increases the levels of serotonin and noradrenaline in the nervous system.
Yentreve is a medicine to be taken by mouth to treat Stress Urinary Incontinence (SUI) in women.
Stress urinary incontinence is a medical condition in which patients have accidental loss or leakage of urine during physical exertion or activities such as laughing, coughing, sneezing, lifting, or exercise.
Yentreve is believed to work by increasing the strength of the muscle that holds back urine when you laugh, sneeze, or perform physical activities.
The efficacy of Yentreve is reinforced when combined with a training program called Pelvic Floor Muscle Training (PFMT).
What You Need to Know Before You Take Yentreve
DO NOT take Yentreve if you:
- are allergic to duloxetine or any of the other ingredients of this medicine (listed in section 6)
- have liver disease
- have severe kidney disease
- are taking or have taken within the last 14 days, another medicine known as a monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI) (see Other medicines and Yentreve)
- are taking fluvoxamine which is usually used to treat depression, ciprofloxacin or enoxacin which are used to treat some infections
Talk to your doctor if you have high blood pressure or heart disease. Your doctor will tell you if you should be taking Yentreve.
Warnings and Precautions
The following are reasons why Yentreve may not be suitable for you. Talk to your doctor before you take Yentreve if you:
- are taking medicines to treat depression (see Other medicines and Yentreve)
- are taking St. John’s Wort, a herbal treatment (Hypericum perforatum)
- have kidney disease
- have had seizures (fits)
- have had mania
- suffer from bipolar disorder
- have eye problems, such as certain kinds of glaucoma (increased pressure in the eye)
- have a history of bleeding disorders (tendency to develop bruises)
- are at risk of low sodium levels (for example if you are taking diuretics, especially if you are elderly)
- are currently being treated with another medicine which may cause liver damage.
- are taking other medicines containing duloxetine (see Other medicines and Yentreve)
Yentreve may cause a sensation of restlessness or an inability to sit or stand still. You should tell your doctor if this happens to you.
Thoughts of suicide and worsening of depression or anxiety disorder
Although Yentreve is not indicated for the treatment of depression, its active ingredient (duloxetine) is used as an antidepressant medicine. If you are depressed and/or have anxiety disorders you can sometimes have thoughts of harming or killing yourself. These may be increased when first starting antidepressants, since these medicines all take time to work, usually about two weeks but sometimes longer.
You may be more likely to think like this if you:
- have previously had thoughts about killing or harming yourself
- are a young adult. Information from clinical trials has shown an increased risk of suicidal behaviour in adults aged less than 25 years with psychiatric conditions who were treated with an antidepressant
If you have thoughts of harming or killing yourself at any time, contact your doctor or go to a hospital straight away.
You may find it helpful to tell a relative or close friend that you are depressed or have an anxiety disorder, and ask them to read this leaflet. You might ask them to tell you if they think your depression or anxiety is getting worse, or if they are worried about changes in your behaviour.
Children and adolescents under 18 years of age
Yentreve should not be used for children and adolescents under 18 years. Also, you should know that patients under 18 have an increased risk of side-effects such as suicide attempt, suicidal thoughts and hostility (predominantly aggression, oppositional behaviour and anger) when they take this class of medicines. Also, the long-term safety effects concerning growth, maturation, and cognitive and behavioural development of Yentreve in this age group have not yet been demonstrated.
Other Medicines and Yentreve
Please tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking, have recently taken or might take any other medicines, including medicines obtained without a prescription.
The main ingredient of Yentreve, duloxetine, is used in other medicines for other conditions:
- diabetic neuropathic pain, depression, anxiety and urinary incontinence
Using more than one of these medicines at the same time should be avoided. Check with your doctor if you are already taking other medicines containing duloxetine.
Your doctor should decide whether you can take Yentreve with other medicines. Do not start or stop taking any medicines, including those bought without a prescription and herbal remedies, before checking with your doctor.
You should also tell your doctor if you are taking any of the following:
Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs): You should not take Yentreve if you are taking or have recently taken (within the last 14 days) an antidepressant medicine called a monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI). Examples of MAOIs include moclobemide (an antidepressant) and linezolid (an antibiotic). Taking a MAOI together with many prescription medicines, including Yentreve, can cause serious or even life -threatening side effects. You must wait at least 14 days after you have stopped taking an MAOI before you can take Yentreve. Also, you need to wait at least 5 days after you stop taking Yentreve before you take a MAOI.
Medicines that cause sleepiness: These include medicines prescribed by your doctor including benzodiazepines, strong painkillers, antipsychotics, phenobarbital and sedative antihistamines.
Medicines that increase the level of serotonin: Triptans, tramadol, tryptophan, SSRIs (such as paroxetine and fluoxetine), SNRIs (such as venlafaxine), tricyclic antidepressants (such as clomipramine, amitriptyline), pethidine, St John’s Wort and MAOIs (such as moclobemide and linezolid). These medicines increase the risk of side effects; if you get any unusual symptom taking any of these medicines together with Yentreve, you should see your doctor.
Oral anticoagulants or antiplatelet agents: Medicines which thin the blood or prevent the blood from clotting. These medicines might increase the risk of bleeding.
Yentreve With Food, Drink and Alcohol
Yentreve may be taken with or without food. You should take extra care if you drink alcohol while taking Yentreve.
Pregnancy and Breast-feeding
If you are pregnant or breast-feeding, think you may be pregnant or are planning to have a baby, ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice before taking this medicine.
- Tell your doctor if you become pregnant, or you are trying to become pregnant, while you are taking Yentreve. You should use Yentreve only after discussing the potential benefits and any potential risks to your unborn child with your doctor.
Make sure your midwife and/or doctor knows you are on Yentreve. When taken during pregnancy, similar drugs (SSRIs) may increase the risk of a serious condition in babies, called persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN), making the baby breathe faster and appear bluish. These symptoms usually begin during the first 24 hours after the baby is born. If this happens to your baby you should contact your midwife and/or doctor immediately.
If you take Yentreve near the end of your pregnancy, your baby might have some symptoms when it is born. These usually begin at birth or within a few days of your baby being born. These symptoms may include floppy muscles, trembling, jitteriness, not feeding properly, trouble with breathing and fits. If your baby has any of these symptoms when it is born, or you are concerned about your baby’s health, contact your doctor or midwife who will be able to advise you.
- Tell your doctor if you are breast-feeding. The use of Yentreve while breastfeeding is not recommended. You should ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice.
Driving and Using Machines
Yentreve may make you feel sleepy or dizzy. Do not drive or use any tools or machines until you know how Yentreve affects you.
Yentreve Contains Sucrose
Yentreve contains sucrose. If you have been told by your doctor that you have an intolerance to some sugars, contact your doctor before taking this medicinal product.
How to Take Yentreve
Always take this medicine exactly as your doctor or pharmacist has told you. Check with your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure.
Yentreve is for oral use. You should swallow your capsule whole with a drink of water.
The recommended dose of Yentreve is 40 mg twice a day (in the morning and late afternoon/evening). Your doctor may decide to start your treatment with 20 mg twice a day for two weeks before increasing the dose to 40 mg twice a day.
To help you remember to take Yentreve, you may find it easier to take it at the same times every day.
Do not stop taking Yentreve, or change your dose, without talking to your doctor. Treating your disorder properly is important to help you get better. If it is not treated, your condition may not go away and may become more serious and difficult to treat.
If You Take More Yentreve Than You Should
Call your doctor or pharmacist immediately if you take more than the amount of Yentreve prescribed by your doctor. Symptoms of overdose include sleepiness, coma, serotonin syndrome (a rare reaction which may cause feelings of great happiness, drowsiness, clumsiness, restlessness, feeling of being drunk, fever, sweating or rigid muscles), fits, vomiting and fast heart rate.
If You Forget to Take Yentreve
If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember. However, if it is time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and take only a single dose as usual. Do not take a double dose to make up for a forgotten dose. Do not take more than the daily amount of Yentreve that has been prescribed for you in one day.
If You Stop Taking Yentreve
DO NOT stop taking your capsules without the advice of your doctor even if you feel better. If your doctor thinks that you no longer need Yentreve he or she will ask you to reduce your dose over 2 weeks.
Some patients, who suddenly stop taking Yentreve after more than 1 week of therapy, have had symptoms such as:
- dizziness, tingling feelings like pins and needles or electric shock-like feelings (particularly in the head), sleep disturbances (vivid dreams, nightmares, inability to sleep), fatigue, sleepiness, feeling restless or agitated, feeling anxious, feeling sick (nausea) or being sick (vomiting), shaking (tremor), headaches, muscle pain, feeling irritable, diarrhoea, excessive sweating or vertigo.
These symptoms are usually not serious and disappear within a few days, but if you have symptoms that are troublesome you should ask your doctor for advice.
If you have further questions on the use of this medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
Possible Side Effects
Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them. These effects are normally mild to moderate and often disappear after a short time.
Very common side effects (may affect more than 1 in 10 people)
- feeling sick (nausea), dry mouth, constipation
Common side effects (may affect up to 1 in 10 people)
- lack of appetite
- trouble sleeping, feeling agitated, less sex drive, anxiety, difficulty sleeping
- headache, dizziness, feeling sluggish, feeling sleepy, tremor, numbness, including numbness, pricking or tingling of the skin
- blurred eyesight
- feeling of dizziness or “spinning” (vertigo)
- increased blood pressure, flushing
- diarrhoea, stomach pain, being sick (vomiting), heartburn or indigestion
- increased sweating
- weakness, shivering
Uncommon side effects (may affect up to 1 in 100 people)
- throat inflammation that causes a hoarse voice
- allergic reactions
- decreased thyroid gland activity which can cause tiredness or weight gain
- grinding or clenching the teeth, feeling disorientated, lack of motivation, difficulty or failure to experience orgasm, unusual dreams
- feeling nervous, difficulty concentrating, changes in sense of taste, poor sleep quality
- large pupils (the dark centre of the eye), problems with eyesight, eyes feel dry
- tinnitus (hearing sound in the ear when there is no external sound), ear pain
- feeling the heart pumping in the chest, fast and/or irregular heart beat
- increased yawning
- vomiting blood, or black tarry stools (faeces), gastroenteritis, inflammation of the mouth, burping, difficulty swallowing, breaking wind, bad breath
- inflammation of the liver that may cause abdominal pain and yellowing of the skin or whites of the eyes
- (itchy) rash, night sweats, hives, cold sweats, increased tendency to bruise
- muscle pain, muscle tightness, muscle spasm, contraction of the jaw muscle
- difficulty to start urinating, painful urination, needing to pass urine during the night, frequent urination, abnormal urine odour
- abnormal vaginal bleeding, menopausal symptoms
- chest pain, feeling cold, thirst, feeling hot
- weight loss, weight gain
- Yentreve may cause effects that you may not be aware of, such as increases in liver enzymes or blood levels of potassium, creatine phosphokinase, sugar, or cholesterol
Rare side effects (may affect up to 1 in 1000 people)
- serious allergic reaction which causes difficulty in breathing or dizziness with swollen tongue or lips
- low levels of sodium in the blood (mostly in elderly people; the symptoms may include feeling dizzy, weak, confused, sleepy or very tired, or feeling or being sick, more serious symptoms are fainting, fits or falls), syndrome of inappropriate secretion of anti-diuretic hormone (SIADH)
- suicidal behaviour, suicidal thoughts, mania (over activity, racing thoughts and decreased need for sleep), hallucinations, aggression and anger
- “Serotonin syndrome” (a rare reaction which may cause feelings of great happiness, drowsiness, clumsiness, restlessness, feeling of being drunk, fever, sweating or rigid muscles), fits, sudden involuntary jerks or twitches of the muscles, sensation of restlessness or an inability to sit or stand still, difficulty controlling movement e.g. lack of coordination or involuntary movements of the muscles, restless legs syndrome
- increased pressure in the eye (glaucoma)
- dizziness, lightheadedness or fainting on standing up, cold fingers and/or toes
- throat tightness, nose bleeds
- passing bright red blood in your stools, inflammation of the large intestine (leading to diarrhoea)
- liver failure, yellowing of the skin or whites of the eyes (jaundice)
- Stevens-Johnson syndrome (serious illness with blistering of the skin, mouth, eyes and genitals), serious allergic reaction which causes swelling of the face or throat (angioedema), sensitivity to sunlight
- muscle twitching
- difficulty or inability to pass urine, needing to pass more urine than normal, having a decreased urine flow
- abnormal periods, including heavy, painful, irregular or prolonged periods, unusually light or missed periods, abnormal production of breast milk
- falls (mostly in elderly people), abnormal gait
Very rare side effects (may affect up to 1 in 10,000 people)
- inflammation of the blood vessels in the skin (cutaneous vasculitis)
Reporting of Side Effects
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor of pharmacist. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. You can also report side effects directly via UK: www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard or Ireland: HPRA Pharmacovigilance, Earlsfort Terrace, IRL - Dublin 2; Tel: +353 1 6764971; Fax: +353 1 6762517. Website: www.hpra.ie; E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. By reporting side effects you can help provide more information on the safety of this medicine.
How to Store Yentreve
Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of children.
Do not use this medicine after the expiry date which is stated on the carton.
Store in the original package to protect from moisture. Do not store above 30°C.
Do not throw away any medicines via wastewater or household waste. Ask your pharmacist how to throw away of medicines you no longer use. These measures will help to protect the environment.
Contents of the Pack and Other Information
What Yentreve Contains
The active substance is duloxetine.
Each capsule contains 20 or 40 mg of duloxetine (as hydrochloride).
The other ingredients are:
Capsule content : hypromellose, hypromellose acetate succinate, sucrose, sugar spheres, talc, titanium dioxide (E171), triethyl citrate (See end of What you need to know before you take Yentreve for further information on sucrose).
Capsule shell: gelatin, sodium lauryl sulfate, titanium dioxide (E171), indigo carmine (E132), red iron oxide and yellow iron oxide, edible black ink.
Edible ink: synthetic black iron oxide (E172), propylene glycol, shellac.
What Yentreve Looks Like and Contents of the Pack
Yentreve is a hard gastro-resistant capsule. Each capsule of Yentreve contains pellets of duloxetine hydrochloride with a covering to protect them from stomach acid.
Yentreve is available in 2 strengths: 20 and 40 mg.
The 40 mg capsules are orange and blue and are printed with ’40 mg’ and the code ‘9545’.
The 20 mg capsules are blue and are printed with ’20 mg’ and the code ‘9544’.
Yentreve 40 mg is available in packs of 28, 56, 98, 140 and 196 (2 x 98) capsules.
Yentreve 20 mg is available in packs of 28, 56 and 98 capsules.
Not all pack sizes may be marketed.
Marketing Authorisation Holder and Manufacturer
Marketing Authorisation Holder: Eli Lilly Nederland BV, Papendorpseweg 83, 3528 BJ Utrecht, The Netherlands.
Manufacturer: Lilly S.A., Avda. De la Industria, 30, 28108 Alcobendas, Madrid, Spain.
For any information about this medicine, please contact the local representative of the Marketing Authorisation Holder:
Eli Lilly and Company Limited
Tel: + 44-(0) 1256 315000
Eli Lilly and Company (Ireland) Limited
Tel: +353-(0) 1 661 4377
Detailed information on this medicine is available on the European Medicines Agency web site: http://www.ema.europa.eu.