Propoven 1% Emulsion for Injection or Infusion - Consumer Medicine Information
|Manufacture:||Fresenius Kabi USA, LLC|
|Form:||Liquid solution, Intravenous (IV)|
What Propoven 1% is and What it is Used For
Propoven 1% belongs to a group of medicines called general anaesthetics. General anaesthetics are used to cause unconsciousness (sleep) so that surgical operations or other procedures can be performed. They can also be used to sedate you (so that you are sleepy but not completely asleep).
Propoven 1% is used to:
- induce and maintain general anaesthesia in adults, adolescents and children older than 1
- sedate patients older than 16 years of age receiving artificial respiration in intensive
- sedate adults, adolescents and children older than 1 month during diagnostic and surgical procedures, alone or in combination with local or regional
What you Need to Know Before you are Given Propoven 1%
Do not Use Propoven 1%
- if you are allergic to propofol, soya, peanut or to any of the other ingredients of this medicine (listed in section 6).
- in patients of 16 years of age or younger for sedation in intensive
Warnings and Precautions
Talk to your doctor or pharmacist before you are given Propoven 1% and if any of the subsequent mentioned applies to you or applied to you in the past.
You should not receive Propoven 1%, or only under extreme caution and intensive monitoring, if you:
- have advanced heart failure
- have any other serious disease of the heart
- are receiving electroconvulsive therapy (ECT, a treatment for psychiatric problems)
In general, Propoven 1% should be given with caution to elderly or weak patients.
Before receiving Propoven 1%, tell your anaesthetist or intensive care doctor if you have:
- heart disease
- lung disease
- kidney disease
- liver disease
- seizures (epilepsy)
- a raised pressure inside the skull (raised intracranial pressure). In combination with low blood pressure the amount of blood reaching the brain may be
- altered levels of fat in the blood. If you are receiving total parenteral nutrition (feeding through a vein), the levels of fat in your blood must be
If you have any of the following conditions, they must be treated before you receive Propoven 1%:
- heart failure
- when there is insufficient blood reaching the tissues (circulatory failure)
- severe breathing problems (respiratory failure)
- dehydration (hypovolaemia)
- seizures (epilepsy)
Propoven 1% may increase the risk of
- epileptic seizures
- a nervous reflex that slows the heart rate (vagotonia, bradycardia)
- changes in the blood flow to the organs of the body (haemodynamic effects on the cardiovascular system) if you are overweight and receive high doses of Propoven 1%.
Involuntary movements can occur during sedation with Propoven 1%. The doctors will take into account how this might affect surgical procedures being performed under sedation and will take the necessary precautions.
Very occasionally, after anaesthesia, there may be a period of unconsciousness associated with stiffness of the muscles. This requires observation by the medical staff but no other treatment. It will resolve spontaneously.
The injection of Propoven 1% can be painful. A local anaesthetic can be used to reduce this pain but can have its own side effects.
You will not be allowed to leave the hospital until you are fully awake.
Children and Adolescents (Propoven 1%)
The use of Propoven 1% is not recommended in new- born infants or children younger than 1 month.
Special care should also be observed when administering Propoven 1% to children less than 3 years of age. However, evidence now available does not suggest that this is any less safe than in older children.
Propoven 1% must not be given to children and adolescents younger than 16 years of age for sedation in the intensive care unit, since its safety has not been
demonstrated in this patient group for this indication.
Other Medicines and Propoven 1%
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking, have recently taken or might take any other medicines.
You must take special care if you are also taking any of the following medicines:
- premedications (your anaesthetist will know which medicines may interact with Propoven 1%)
- other anaesthetics, including general, regional, local and inhalational anaesthetics (Lower doses of Propoven 1% may be required. Your anaesthetist will know )
- analgesics (painkillers)
- drugs that relax muscles, e.g. suxamethonium
- benzodiazepines (drugs for anxiety)
- drugs that affect many of the internal body functions such as the heart rate, e.g. atropine
- strong painkillers, e.g. fentanyl
- neostigmine (a treatment for muscle weakness)
- cyclosporin (used to prevent transplant rejections)
Propoven 1% with Food, Drink and Alcohol
After you have been given Propoven 1%, you should not eat, drink or consume alcohol until fully recovered.
Pregnancy and Breast-Feeding
If you are pregnant or breast-feeding, think you may be pregnant or are planning to have a baby, ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice before taking this medicine.
Propoven 1% should not be given to pregnant women unless clearly necessary. Mothers should stop breast-feeding and discard any breast milk for 24 hours after receiving Propoven 1%.
Driving and Using Machines
After you have been given Propoven 1%, you must not drive, operate machinery, or work in dangerous situations. You should not go home alone.
Propoven 1% Contains Soya-bean Oil and Sodium
Propoven 1% contains soya-bean oil. If you are allergic to peanut or soya, do not use this medicinal product.
This medicinal product contains less than 1 mmol (23 mg) sodium per 100 ml, i.e. essentially ´sodium-free`.
How to Use Propoven 1%
Propoven 1% will only be given to you in hospitals or suitable therapy units by your anaesthetist or by an intensive care doctor.
The dose you are given will vary depending on your age, body weight and physical condition. The doctor will give the correct dose to start and to sustain anaesthesia or to achieve the required level of sedation, by carefully watching your responses and vital signs (pulse, blood pressure, breathing, etc). It can also be affected by other medicines you may be taking.
Most people need 1.5 to 2.5mg propofol per kg body weight to make them go to sleep (induction of anaesthesia), and then 4 to 12 mg propofol per kg body weight per hour after this to keep them asleep (maintenance of anaesthesia). For sedation, doses of 0.3 to 4.0 mg propofol per kg body weight per hour are usually sufficient.
For sedation during surgical and diagnostic procedures in adults, most patients will require 0.5 - 1 mg propofol per kg body weight over 1 to 5 minutes for onset of sedation. Maintenance of sedation may be accomplished by titrating Propoven 1% infusion to the desired level of sedation. Most patients will require 1.5 - 4.5 mg propofol per kg body weight per hour. The infusion may be supplemented by bolus administration of 10 – 20 mg propofol (1 – 2 ml Propoven 1%) if a rapid increase of the depth of sedation is required.
Use in Children and Adolescents Over one Month of Age
The use of Propoven 1% is not recommended in children younger than 1 month.
Special care should also be observed when administering Propoven 1% to children less than 3 years of age. However, evidence now available does not suggest that this is any less safe than in children older than 3 years. The dose should be adjusted according to age and/or body weight. Most patients over 8 years of age require approximately 2.5 mg/kg bodyweight Propoven 1% to make them go to sleep (induction of anaesthesia). In younger children, especially between the age of 1 month and 3 years, dose requirements may be higher (2.5 – 4 mg/kg bodyweight).
Rates in the region of 9-15 mg/kg/h usually achieve satisfactory anaesthesia to keep them asleep (maintenance of anaesthesia). In younger children, especially between the age of 1 month and 3 years, dose requirements may be higher.
For sedation during surgical and diagnostic procedures in children over 1 month of age with Propoven 1% most paediatric patients require 1 – 2 mg/kg bodyweight propofol for onset of sedation. Maintenance of sedation may be accomplished by titrating Propoven 1% infusion to the desired level of sedation. Most patients require 1.5 - 9 mg/kg/h propofol. The infusion may be supplemented by bolus administration of up to 1 mg/kg bodyweight if a rapid increase of depth of sedation is required.
Propoven 1% must not be given to children and adolescents younger than 16 years of age for sedation in the intensive care unit, since its safety has not been demonstrated in this patient group for this indication.
Elderly and Weak Patients
Elderly and weak patients may require lower doses.
Method of Administration
Propoven 1% is for intravenous use, usually administered on the back of your hand or in the forearm. Your anaesthetist may use a needle or cannula (a fine plastic tube). Propoven 1% will be injected into a vein either manually or by electric pumps. Your doctor will make sure that the pump is compatible with the pre-filled syringes. 10 ml and 20 ml glass syringes and 10 ml plastic syringes are suitable for manual use only and must not be used with a pump.
Propoven 1% is for single use only. Any unused emulsion must be discarded. The pre-filled syringes should be shaken before use. If two layers can be seen after shaking the emulsion should not be used. Use only homogeneous preparations and undamaged pre-filled syringes.
Application of pre-filled syringes (for pre-assembled syringes step 2 can be omitted):
Sterility has to be ensured. The outer surface of the syringe and the plunger rod are not sterile.
- Take out the syringe from the packaging and shake
- Insert the plunger rod by screwing it clock-wise into the
- Remove the tip cap from the syringe and connect the infusion line, needle or cannula to the syringe. Get rid of the air bubble (a small bubble can remain) and the ready-to-use syringe will be installed in the pump or administered
Duration of Treatment
When used for sedation, Propoven 1% must not be administered for more than 7 days.
If you have any further questions on the use of this medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
Possible Side Effects
Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.
These side effects may occur during the induction of anaesthesia (common may affect up to 1 in 10 people):
- spontaneous movements
- muscle jerks (myoclonus)
- muscle twitching (minimal excitation)
- low blood pressure (hypotension)
- slow heartbeat (bradycardia)
- rapid heartbeat (tachycardia)
- hot flushes
- increased breathing (hyperventilation)
- stopping breathing (temporary apnoea)
- coughing after anaesthesia
- hiccups (singultus)
If you think you have any of the below mentioned side effects or any other side effects, please inform a physician as soon as possible.
Very Common (May Affect More Than 1 in 10 People)
- local pain during the
Common (May Affect up to 1 in 10 People)
Uncommon (May Affect up to 1 in 100 People)
- severe low blood pressure (hypotension)
- coughing during anaesthesia
- slowing of the pulse rate (progressive bradycardia)
Rare (May Affect up to 1 in 1,000 People)
- a severe allergic reaction (anaphylaxis), including:
- swelling of the skin of the face, mouth and throat (angioedema)
- narrowing of the airways in the lungs that makes it difficult to breathe (bronchospasm)
- reddening of the skin (erythema)
- low blood pressure (hypotension)
- dizziness (vertigo)
- epileptiform movements (involuntary movements similar to epilepsy), including convulsions and opisthotonus (a rigid posture with the head arched backwards)
- blood clots (thrombosis)
- inflammation of the blood vessels (phlebitis)
- discoloration of urine
- postoperative fever
These rare side effects may occur during the recovery period (waking up):
- euphoria (feeling happy) and sexual arousal
- shivering and feeling cold
- irregular heartbeat (arrhythmia)
- feeling sick (nausea) or vomiting
When Propoven 1% is administered in combination with lidocaine (a local anaesthetic used to reduce the pain at the site of injection), certain side effects may occur rarely:
- a slowing of the heart rate (bradycardia)
- irregular heartbeat (cardiac arrhythmias)
Very Rare (May Affect up to 1 in 10,000 People)
- allergic reactions caused by soya-bean oil
- delayed epileptiform attacks (involuntary movements similar to epilepsy after waking up)
- convulsions in epileptic patients
- unconsciousness after anaesthesia
- fluid on the lungs (pulmonary oedema)
- inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis)
- severe tissue responses after accidental injection into tissues
- rhabdomyolysis (a disorder of muscle)
- a change in the acidity of the blood (metabolic acidosis)
- a high level of potassium in the blood (hyperkalaemia)
- heart ailure.
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any side effects not listed in this leaflet.
How to store Propoven 1%
Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of children.
Do not use this medicine after the expiry date which is stated on the syringe and the outer packaging after EXP. The expiry date refers to the last day of that month.
Store at or below 25 °C.
Do not freeze.
After first opening the product must be used immediately. Administration systems with undiluted Propoven 1% should be replaced 12 hours after opening of the syringe. Dilutions with glucose 50 mg/ml (5%) solution for injection or sodium chloride 9 mg/ml (0.9%) solution for injection or an admixture with preservative-free lidocaine 10 mg/ ml (10mg/ml) solution for injection (at least 2 mg propofol per ml) should be prepared aseptically (controlled and validated conditions preserved) immediately before administration and has to be administered within 6 hours after preparation.
Contents of the Pack and Other Information What Propoven 1% Contains
- The active substance is
Each ml emulsion contains 10 mg propofol.
Each 10 ml syringe contains 100 mg propofol.
Each 20 ml syringe contains 200 mg propofol.
Each 50 ml syringe contains 500 mg propofol.
- The other ingredients are soya-bean oil, refined, medium-chain triglycerides, purified egg phosphatides, glycerol, oleic acid, sodium hydroxide, water for injections
What Propoven 1% Looks Like and Contents of the Pack
Propoven 1% is a white oil-in-water emulsion for injection or infusion in a pre-filled syringe.
Propoven 1% is available in plastic and glass pre-filled syringes.
Packs containing 5 glass pre-filled syringes with 10 ml emulsion
Packs containing 6 plastic pre-filled syringes with 10 ml emulsion
Packs containing 5 glass pre-filled syringes with 20 ml emulsion
Packs containing 6 plastic pre-filled syringes with 20 ml emulsion
Packs containing 1 plastic pre-filled syringe with 50 ml emulsion
Marketing Authorisation Holder and Manufacturer
Marketing Authorisation Holder
Fresenius Kabi, Cestrian Court, Eastgate Way.
Manor Park, Runcorn, Cheshire.
Fresenius Kabi Austria GmbH
A-8055 Graz, Hafnerstraße 36
This Medicinal Product is Authorised in the Member States of the EEA Under the Following Names
|Austria||Propofol „Fresenius” 1 % mit MCT Emulsion zur Injektion oder Infusion in einer Fertigspritze|
|Belgium||Propolipid 1 %|
|Cyprus||Propofol MCT/LCT/ Fresenius 1% (10 mg/ml) γαλάκτωμα για έγχυση ή ένεση σε προγεμισμένη σύριγγα|
|Czech Republic||Propofol MCT Fresenius 10 mg/ml injekční/infuzní emulze v předplněné injekční stříkačce|
|Germany||Propofol Fresenius MCT 10 mg/ml Emulsion zur Injektion/Infusion in einer Fertigspritze|
|Greece||Propofol MCT/LCT/ Fresenius 1% (10mg/ml) γαλάκτωμα για έγχυση ή ένεση σε προγεμισμένη σύριγγα|
|Finland||Propolipid 10 mg/ml injektio-/ infuusioneste, emulsio, esitäytetyssä ruiskussa|
|Hungary||Propofol MCT Fresenius 10 mg/ml emulzió injekcióhoz vagy infúzióhoz előretöltött fecskendőben|
|Iceland||Propolidid 10 mg/ml, stungu- eða innrennslislyf, fleyti í áfylltri sprautu|
|Ireland||Propoven 1% emulsion for injection/infusion in pre-filled syringe|
|Latvia||Propoven 1 % emulsija injekcijām vai infūzijām pilnšļircē|
|Lithuania||Propoven 1% injekcinė/infuzinė emulsija užpildytame švirkšte|
|Luxembourg||Propofol MCT Fresenius 10 mg/ml Emulsion zur Injektion/Infusion in einer Fertigspritze|
|Netherlands||Propofol 10mg/ml MCT/LCT Fresenius|
|Poland||Propofol 1% MCT/LCT Fresenius|
|Portugal||Propofol 1% MCT/LCT Fresenius|
|Slovakia||Propofol MCT Fresenius 10 mg/ml injekčná/infúzna emulzia v naplnenej injekčnej striekačke|
|Slovenia||Propoven 10 mg/ml emulzija za injiciranje/infundiranje v napolnjeni injekcijski brizgi|
|Spain||Propofol Lipomed Fresenius 10 mg/ml emulsión inyectable y para perfusión en jeringa precargada|
|United Kingdom||Propoven 1% emulsion for injection/infusion in pre-filled syringe|