Potassium Chloride Injection - Consumer Medicine Information
|Condition:||Hypokalemia, Prevention of Hypokalemia|
|Class:||Minerals and electrolytes|
|Form:||Liquid solution, Intravenous (IV)|
Highly Concentrated Potassium Chloride Injection
Potassium ion (K+)
About this Medication
What the medication is used for
Potassium Chloride Injection is administred by a Health care Professional to treat potassium deficiency. This means that your body does not have the blood level of potassium that it needs to work properly.
What it does
Potassium chloride replacement will add potassium to your body.
When it should not be used
Potassium Chloride Injection should not be used if:
- you have a hypersensitivity to potassium or to any component of the container (plastic; polyvinyl chloride)
- you already have too much potassium in your body (hyperkalemia)
- you have kidney (renal) impairment
- you have untreated Addison’s disease (a condition in which your adrenal glands do not make enough of certain hormones)
- you have irregular heart rhythm (ventricular fibrillation)
- you have a genetic condition of the adrenal gland (salt-losing adrenal hyperplasia)
- you have extensive tissue damage such as severe burns, acute dehydration and heat cramps
- you have increased sensitivity to potassium administration
- you have an overactive adrenal gland (hyperadrenalism associated with adrenogenital syndrome)
- you have abnormal heart rhythm while taking digitalis that leads to heart block (digitalis induced second and third degree heart block)
What the medicinal ingredient is
What the important nonmedicinal ingredients are
There are no non-medicinal ingredients in Potassium Chloride Injection.
What dosage forms it comes in
Potassium Chloride Injection comes as a sterile solution for intravenous administration. It is available in the following strengths and volumes: Potassium ion (K+) 10 mEq/50mL, 10 mEq/100mL, 20 mEq/50mL, 20 mEq/100mL, 40 mEq/100mL.
Warnings and Precautions
Serious Warnings and Precautions
If you have a condition that makes it more likely that you will already have too much potassium in your system or if you have a condition that makes you more sensitive to serum potassium levels, Potassium Chloride Injection must be given to you with extreme caution. Some examples of conditions that would put you at risk include:
- muscle disorders such as potassium-aggravated skeletal muscle channelopathies (e.g., hyperkalemic periodic paralysis, paramyotonia congenita, and potassium-aggravated myotonia/paramyotonia).
Potassium Chloride Injection will be administered with caution to you if you are at risk of experiencing hyperosmolality (high concentrationof salts in the blood), acidosis (too much acid in the blood), or undergo correction of alkalosis (conditions associated with a shift of potassium from intracellular to extracellular space) or if you are receiving (or recently received) treatment with agents or products that can cause you to have too much potassium in your system (See Interactions).
Your doctor will monitor your condition.
BEFORE you use Potassium Chloride Injection, talk to your doctor or pharmacist if:
- You have any of the following conditions:
- Heart problems, such as congestive heart failure or problems with the rate or rhythm of your heart beat
- Kidney problems
- Problems with your adrenal gland (e.g. Addison's disease)
- You are pregnant
- You are nursing an infant
Interactions with this Medication
Drugs that may interact with Potassium Chloride Injection include:
- Diuretics that may prevent loss of potassium, such as amiloride spironolactone, triamterene and Medications used to treat high blood pressure such as Angiotensin Converting Enzyme (ACE) inhibitors
Proper Use of this Medication
The appropriate dose is selected by the Health Care Professional and is administred through a vein.
|In case of drug overdose, contact a health care practitioner, hospital emergency department or regional Poison Control Centre immediately, even if there are no symptoms.|
If you miss your scheduled infusion, contact your doctor or nurse as soon as possible to schedule your next treatment.
Side Effects and what to do about them
The side effects reported with Potassium Chloride Injection may be a result of how the product has been given to you (such as pain or infection at the infusion site, fever). Most often, the side effects that occur are a result of your body responding to the increased levels of potassium in your system.
Serious side effects and what to do about them
|Pain at the infusion site||Talk with your doctor |
or pharmacist in all
|Burning at the infusion site|
|Swelling at the infusion site|
|Numbness in hands or feet|
|Changes in heart rate or heart rhythm|
|Rash or swelling|
This is not a complete list of side effects. For any unexpected effects while taking Potassium Chloride Injection, contact your doctor or pharmacist.
How to Store it
Store at room temperature (15° to 25° C).
Reporting Suspected Side Effects
You can report any suspected adverse reactions associated with the use of health products to the Canada Vigilance Program by one of the following 3 ways:
- Report online at www.healthcanada.gc.ca/medeffect
- Call toll-free at 1-866-234-2345
- Complete a Canada Vigilance Reporting Form and:
- Fax toll-free to 1-866-678-6789, or
- Mail to: Canada Vigilance Program
Postal Locator 0701C
Ottawa, ON K1A 0K9
Postage paid labels, Canada Vigilance Reporting Form and the adverse reaction reporting guidelines are available on the MedEffect Canada Web site at www.healthcanada.gc.ca/medeffect.
NOTE: Should you require information related to the management of side effects, contact your health professional. The Canada Vigilance Program does not provide medical advice.
This document plus the full product monograph, prepared for health professionals can be obtained by contacting the sponsor, Baxter Corporation, at: