Pabal - Consumer Medicine Information
|Condition:||Cesarean Section, Postpartum Bleeding|
|Ingredients:||carbetocin, odium chloride, glacial acetic acid, water for injections|
What Pabal is and What it is Used For
PABAL is used to treat women who have just had a baby by caesarean section.
In some women, after a caesarean, the womb (uterus) doesn’t contract (shrink) quickly enough. This makes it more likely that they’ll bleed more than normal. PABAL makes the womb contract and so reduces the risk of bleeding.
The active ingredient in PABAL is carbetocin. It is similar to a substance called oxytocin, which is naturally produced by the body to make the womb contract during childbirth.
Before You are Treated with Pabal
PABAL must not be given until after the baby has been delivered.
Before giving you PABAL, your doctor needs to know about any medical conditions you may have. You should also tell your doctor about any new symptoms that develop while you are being treated with PABAL.
Pabal must not be used
- If you are allergic to carbetocin or any of the ingredients of PABAL (see Section 6).
- If you have any disease of the liver or kidneys.
- If you have pre-eclampsia (high blood pressure in pregnancy) or eclampsia (toxaemia of pregnancy).
- If you have any serious heart disease.
- If you have epilepsy.
- If you ever have had an allergic reaction to oxytocin (sometimes given as a drip or injection during or after labour).
If any of these apply to you, tell your doctor.
Doctors need to take special care when using Pabal
- If you get migraines.
- If you have asthma.
- If you have problems with your heart or your circulation(such as high blood pressure).
- If you have any other medical condition.
If any of these apply to you, tell your doctor.
Taking other medicines
Tell your doctor if you are taking, or have recently taken, any other medicines — including medicines obtained without a prescription.
Pregnancy and breast-feeding
PABAL must not be used during pregnancy, but may be given after delivery by Caesarean section.
Small amounts of carbotocin have been shown to pass from the nursings mother's blood into the breast milk, but it is assumed to be degraded in the infant's bowels.
How Pabal is Given to You
PABAL is given as an injection into one of your veins, immediately after your baby has been delivered by caesarean section under an epidural or spinal anaesthetic. The dose is one ampoule (100 micrograms).
If Someone is Given too Much Pabal
If you are accidentally given too much PABAL, your womb may contract strongly enough to become damaged or to bleed heavily. You may also suffer drowsiness, listlessness and headache, caused by water building up in your body. You will be treated with other medication, and possibly surgery.
Possible Side Effects
Like all medicines, PABAL can have side effects, but not everybody gets them.
The most common side effects may affect at least 10 of every 100 women treated with PABAL. They include:
- pain in the stomach
- flushing (red skin)
- feeling warm
- low blood pressure
Other side effects, which may affect between 1 and 10 of every 100 women, include:
- pain in the back or chest
- a metallic taste in the mouth
Infrequently some women might experience rapid heartbeat or sweating.
PABAL may cause a build-up of water in the body, which can lead to drowsiness, listlessness and headache.
If any of these side effects gets serious, or if you notice any side effects not listed in this leaflet, please tell your doctor, midwife, or nurse.
How Pabal is Stored
PABAL ampoules are stored in the outer carton in order to protect from light. Store in a refrigerator (2ºC-8ºC). Do not freeze.
PABAL must not be used after the expiry date printed on the carton and ampoule.
PABAL should be kept out of reach and sight of children.
What PABAL contains
The active substance is carbetocin. Each millilitre contains 100 micrograms of carbetocin. The other ingredients are sodium chloride, glacial acetic acid, water for injections. Pabal contains less than 1 mmol sodium chloride (23mg) per dose, so it is essentially 'sodium-free'.
What PABAL looks like and contents of the pack:
Pabal is clear colourless solution for injection, ready for intravenous injection, supplied in packs of five 1ml ampoules.
PABAL should be used only in well equipped specialist obstetrics units.
UK marketing authorisation holder
Ferring Pharmaceuticals Ltd., The Courtyard, Waterside Drive, Langley, Berkshire, SL3 6EZ, UK.
Irish product authorisation holder
Ferring Ireland Ltd., United Drug House, Magna Drive, Magna Business Park, Citywest Road, Dublin 24.
Ferring GmbH, Wittland 11, D-24109 Kiel, Germany.
This medicinal product is authorised in other Member States of the EEA under the following names:
DURATOCIN / DURATOBAL.
PABAL 100 micrograms/ml solution for injection