Gonal-f RFF Redi-ject - Product Information
|Manufacture:||EMD Serono, Inc|
|Form:||Liquid solution, Subcutaneous (SC)|
|Ingredients:||follitropin alfa (r-hFSH), sucrose, meta-cresol, di-sodium hydrogen phosphate dihydrate, sodium dihydrogen phosphate monohydrate, methionine, Poloxamer 188, O-phosphoric acid, sodium hydroxide.|
Indications and Usage
Induction of Ovulation and Pregnancy in Oligo-Anovulatory Women in Whom the Cause of Infertility is Functional and Not Due to Primary Ovarian Failure
Prior to initiation of treatment with Gonal-f RFF Redi-ject:
- Perform a complete gynecologic and endocrinologic evaluation
- Exclude primary ovarian failure
- Exclude the possibility of pregnancy
- Demonstrate tubal patency
- Evaluate the fertility status of the male partner
Development of Multiple Follicles in Ovulatory Women as Part of an Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) Cycle
Prior to initiation of treatment with Gonal-f RFF Redi-ject:
- Perform a complete gynecologic and endocrinologic evaluation, and diagnose the cause of infertility
- Exclude the possibility of pregnancy
- Evaluate the fertility status of the male partner
Dosage and Administration
General Dosing Information
- Parenteral drug products should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration, whenever solution and container permit.
- Gonal-f RFF Redi-ject is a pre-filled disposable auto-injection device intended for multiple dose use.
- Gonal-f RFF Redi-ject can be set in 12.5 International Units increments.
- Administer Gonal-f RFF Redi-ject subcutaneously in the abdomen as described in Instructions for Use
- Do not attempt to mix any other medications inside of the device with Gonal-f RFF Redi-ject.
- Instruct women to remove the Gonal-f RFF Redi-ject from the refrigerator at least 30 minutes prior to use in order to allow Gonal-f RFF Redi-ject to warm to room temperature and avoid the discomfort of a cold injection.
Recommended Dosing for Ovulation Induction
The dosing scheme is stepwise and is individualized for each woman see Clinical Studies. Starting doses less than 37.5 International Units have not been studied in clinical trials and are not recommended.
- A starting daily dose of 75 International Units of Gonal-f RFF Redi-ject is administered subcutaneously daily for 14 days in the first cycle of use.
In subsequent cycles of treatment, the starting dose (and dosage adjustments) of Gonal-f RFF Redi-ject should be determined based on the history of the ovarian response to Gonal-f RFF Redi-ject.
- The following should be considered when planning the woman’s individualized dose:
- Appropriate Gonal-f RFF Redi-ject dose adjustment(s) should be used to prevent multiple follicular growth and cycle cancellation.
- The maximum, individualized, daily dose of Gonal-f RFF Redi-ject is 300 International Units per day.
- In general, do not exceed 35 days of treatment.
- If indicated by the ovarian response after the initial 14 days, make an incremental adjustment in dose, up to 37.5 International Units.
- If indicated by the ovarian response, make additional incremental adjustments in dose, up to 37.5 International Units, every 7 days.
- Treatment should continue until follicular growth and/or serum estradiol levels indicate an adequate ovarian response.
- When pre-ovulatory conditions are reached, administer human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) to induce final oocyte maturation and ovulation.
Withhold hCG in cases where the ovarian monitoring suggests an increased risk of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) on the last day of Gonal-f RFF Redi-ject therapy see Warnings and Precautions.
- Encourage the woman and her partner to have intercourse daily, beginning on the day prior to the administration of hCG and until ovulation becomes apparent.
Discourage intercourse when the risk for OHSS is increased see Warnings and Precautions.
Recommended Dosing For Assisted Reproductive Technology
The dosing scheme follows a stepwise approach and is individualized for each woman.
- Beginning on cycle day 2 or 3, a starting dose of 150 International Units of Gonal-f RFF Redi-ject is administered subcutaneously daily until sufficient follicular development, as determined by ultrasound in combination with measurement of serum estradiol levels, is attained. In most cases, therapy should not exceed 10 days.
In women under 35 years of age whose endogenous gonadotropin levels are suppressed, initiate Gonal-f RFF Redi-ject administration at a dose of 150 International Units per day.
In women 35 years of age and older whose endogenous gonadotropin levels are suppressed, initiate Gonal-f RFF Redi-ject administration at a dose of 225 International Units per day.
- Adjust the dose after 5 days based on the woman’s ovarian response, as determined by ultrasound evaluation of follicular growth and serum estradiol levels.
- Do not make additional dosage adjustments more frequently than every 3-5 days or by more than 75-150 International Units at each adjustment.
- Continue treatment until adequate follicular development is evident, and then administer hCG.
The administration of hCG should be withheld in cases where the ovarian monitoring suggests an increased risk of OHSS on the last day of Gonal-f RFF Redi-ject therapy see Warnings and Precautions.
- Doses greater than 450 International Units per day are not recommended.
Dosage Forms and Strengths
- Injection: Gonal-f RFF Redi-ject 300 International Units per 0.5 mL in prefilled, multiple dose disposable delivery system
- Injection: Gonal-f RFF Redi-ject 450 International Units per 0.75 mL in prefilled, multiple dose disposable delivery system
- Injection: Gonal-f RFF Redi-ject 900 International Units per 1.5 mL in prefilled, multiple dose disposable delivery system
Gonal-f RFF Redi-ject is contraindicated in women who exhibit:
- Prior hypersensitivity to recombinant FSH products
- High levels of FSH indicating primary gonadal failure
Gonal-f RFF Redi-ject may cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman see Use in Specific Populations. Gonal-f RFF Redi-ject is contraindicated in women who are pregnant. If this drug is used during pregnancy, or if the woman becomes pregnant while taking this drug, the woman should be apprised of the potential hazard to a fetus.
- Presence of uncontrolled non-gonadal endocrinopathies (e.g., thyroid, adrenal, or pituitary disorders) see Indications and Usage
- Sex hormone dependent tumors of the reproductive tract and accessory organs
- Tumors of pituitary gland or hypothalamus
- Abnormal uterine bleeding of undetermined origin
- Ovarian cyst or enlargement of undetermined origin, not due to polycystic ovary syndrome
Warnings and Precautions
Gonal-f RFF Redi-ject should only be used by physicians who are experienced in infertility treatment. Gonal-f RFF Redi-ject contains a gonadotropic substance capable of causing Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome (OHSS) in women with or without pulmonary or vascular complications see Warnings and Precautions and multiple births see Warnings and Precautions. Gonadotropin therapy requires the availability of appropriate monitoring facilities see Warnings and Precautions. The lowest effective dose should be used.
Careful attention should be given to the diagnosis of infertility and the selection of candidates for Gonal-f RFF Redi-ject therapy see Indications and Usage and Dosage and Administration.
Hypersensitivity Reactions and Anaphylaxis
Serious systemic hypersensitivity reactions, including anaphylaxis, have been reported in the postmarketing experience with Gonal-f and Gonal-f RFF. Symptoms have included dyspnea, facial edema, pruritis, and urticaria. If an anaphylactic or other serious allergic reaction occurs, initiate appropriate therapy including supportive measures if cardiovascular instability and/or respiratory compromise occur, and discontinue further use.
Abnormal Ovarian Enlargement
In order to minimize the hazards associated with abnormal ovarian enlargement that may occur with Gonal-f RFF Redi-ject therapy, treatment should be individualized and the lowest effective dose should be used see Dosage and Administration. Use of ultrasound monitoring of ovarian response and/or measurement of serum estradiol levels is important to minimize the risk of ovarian stimulation see Warnings and Precautions.
If the ovaries are abnormally enlarged on the last day of Gonal-f RFF Redi-ject therapy, hCG should not be administered in order to reduce the chance of developing Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome (OHSS) see Warnings and Precautions. Intercourse should be prohibited in women with significant ovarian enlargement after ovulation because of the danger of hemoperitoneum resulting from rupture of ovarian cysts see Warnings and Precautions.
Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome (OHSS)
OHSS is a medical entity distinct from uncomplicated ovarian enlargement and may progress rapidly to become a serious medical event. OHSS is characterized by a dramatic increase in vascular permeability, which can result in a rapid accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity, thorax, and potentially, the pericardium. The early warning signs of development of OHSS are severe pelvic pain, nausea, vomiting, and weight gain. Abdominal pain, abdominal distension, gastrointestinal symptoms including nausea, vomiting and diarrhea, severe ovarian enlargement, weight gain, dyspnea, and oliguria have been reported with OHSS. Clinical evaluation may reveal hypovolemia, hemoconcentration, electrolyte imbalances, ascites, hemoperitoneum, pleural effusions, hydrothorax, acute pulmonary distress, and thromboembolic reactions see Warnings and Precautions. Transient liver function test abnormalities suggestive of hepatic dysfunction with or without morphologic changes on liver biopsy, have been reported in association with OHSS.
OHSS occurs after gonadotropin treatment has been discontinued and it can develop rapidly, reaching its maximum about seven to ten days following treatment. Usually, OHSS resolves spontaneously with the onset of menses. If there is evidence that OHSS may be developing prior to hCG administration see Warnings and Precautions, the hCG must be withheld. Cases of OHSS are more common, more severe, and more protracted if pregnancy occurs; therefore, women should be assessed for the development of OHSS for at least two weeks after hCG administration.
If serious OHSS occurs, gonadotropins, including hCG, should be stopped and consideration should be given as to whether the woman needs to be hospitalized. Treatment is primarily symptomatic and overall should consist of bed rest, fluid and electrolyte management, and analgesics (if needed). Because the use of diuretics can accentuate the diminished intravascular volume, diuretics should be avoided except in the late phase of resolution as described below. The management of OHSS may be divided into three phases as follows:
- Acute Phase:
Management should be directed at preventing hemoconcentration due to loss of intravascular volume to the third space and minimizing the risk of thromboembolic phenomena and kidney damage. Fluid intake and output, weight, hematocrit, serum and urinary electrolytes, urine specific gravity, BUN and creatinine, total proteins with albumin: globulin ratio, coagulation studies, electrocardiogram to monitor for hyperkalemia, and abdominal girth should be thoroughly assessed daily or more often based on the clinical need. Treatment, consisting of limited intravenous fluids, electrolytes, human serum albumin, is intended to normalize electrolytes while maintaining an acceptable but somewhat reduced intravascular volume. Full correction of the intravascular volume deficit may lead to an unacceptable increase in the amount of third space fluid accumulation.
- Chronic Phase:
After the acute phase is successfully managed as above, excessive fluid accumulation in the third space should be limited by instituting severe potassium, sodium, and fluid restriction.
- Resolution Phase:
As third space fluid returns to the intravascular compartment, a fall in hematocrit and increasing urinary output are observed in the absence of any increase in intake. Peripheral and/or pulmonary edema may result if the kidneys are unable to excrete third space fluid as rapidly as it is mobilized. Diuretics may be indicated during the resolution phase, if necessary, to combat pulmonary edema.
Ascitic, pleural, and pericardial fluid should not be removed unless there is the necessity to relieve symptoms such as pulmonary distress or cardiac tamponade.
OHSS increases the risk of injury to the ovary. Pelvic examination or intercourse may cause rupture of an ovarian cyst, which may result in hemoperitoneum, and should therefore be avoided.
If bleeding occurs and requires surgical intervention, the clinical objective should be to control the bleeding and retain as much ovarian tissue as possible. A physician experienced in the management of this syndrome, or who is experienced in the management of fluid and electrolyte imbalances should be consulted.
During clinical trials with Gonal-f RFF, OHSS occurred in 7.2% of 83 women and 4.6% of 237 women treated with Gonal-f RFF for ovulation induction and during Assisted Reproductive Technology, respectively.
Pulmonary and Vascular Complications
Serious pulmonary conditions (e.g., atelectasis, acute respiratory distress syndrome and exacerbation of asthma) have been reported in women treated with gonadotropins. In addition, thromboembolic events both in association with, and separate from OHSS have been reported in women treated with gonadotropins. Intravascular thrombosis and embolism, which may originate in venous or arterial vessels, can result in reduced blood flow to critical organs or the extremities. Women with generally recognized risk factors for thrombosis, such as personal or family history, severe obesity, or thrombophilia, may have an increased risk of venous or arterial thromboembolic events, during or following treatment with gonadotropins. Sequelae of such reactions have included venous thrombophlebitis, pulmonary embolism, pulmonary infarction, cerebral vascular occlusion (stroke), and arterial occlusion resulting in loss of limb and rarely in myocardial infarctions. In rare cases, pulmonary complications and/or thromboembolic reactions have resulted in death. In women with recognized risk factors, the benefits of ovulation induction and assisted reproductive technology need to be weighed against the risks. It should be noted that pregnancy also carries an increased risk of thrombosis.
Ovarian torsion has been reported after treatment with gonadotropins. This may be related to OHSS, pregnancy, previous abdominal surgery, past history of ovarian torsion, previous or current ovarian cyst and polycystic ovaries. Damage to the ovary due to reduced blood supply can be limited by early diagnosis and immediate detorsion.
Multi-fetal Gestation and Birth
Multi-fetal gestation and births have been reported with all gonadotropin therapy including therapy with Gonal-f RFF.
During clinical trials with Gonal-f RFF, multiple births occurred in 20% of live births in women receiving therapy for ovulation induction and 35.1 % of live births in women undergoing ART.
The woman and her partner should be advised of the potential risk of multi-fetal gestation and birth before beginning therapy with Gonal-f RFF Redi-ject.
The incidence of congenital malformations after some ART [specifically in vitro fertilization (IVF) or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)] may be slightly higher than after spontaneous conception. This slightly higher incidence is thought to be related to differences in parental characteristics (e.g., maternal age, maternal and paternal genetic background, sperm characteristics) and to the higher incidence of multi -fetal gestations after IVF or ICSI. There are no indications that the use of gonadotropins during IVF or ICSI is associated with an increased risk of congenital malformations.
Since infertile women undergoing ART often have tubal abnormalities, the incidence of ectopic pregnancy may be increased. Early confirmation of intrauterine pregnancy should be determined by β-hCG testing and transvaginal ultrasound.
The risk of spontaneous abortion (miscarriage) is increased with gonadotropin products. However, causality has not been established. The increased risk may be a factor of the underlying infertility.
There have been infrequent reports of ovarian neoplasms, both benign and malignant, in women who have had multiple drug therapy for controlled ovarian stimulation, however, a causal relationship has not been established.
In most instances, treatment of women with Gonal-f RFF Redi-ject will result only in follicular growth and maturation. In the absence of an endogenous LH surge, hCG is given when monitoring of the woman indicates that sufficient follicular development has occurred. This may be estimated by ultrasound alone or in combination with measurement of serum estradiol levels. The combination of both ultrasound and serum estradiol measurement are useful for monitoring follicular growth and maturation, timing of the ovulatory trigger, detecting ovarian enlargement and minimizing the risk of the OHSS and multiple gestation.
The clinical confirmation of ovulation is obtained by direct or indirect indices of progesterone production as well as sonographic evidence of ovulation.
Direct or indirect indices of progesterone production:
- Urinary or serum luteinizing hormone (LH) rise
- A rise in basal body temperature
- Increase in serum progesterone
- Menstruation following a shift in basal body temperature
Sonographic evidence of ovulation:
- Collapsed follicle
- Fluid in the cul-de-sac
- Features consistent with corpus luteum formation
- Secretory endometrium
The following serious adverse reactions are discussed elsewhere in the labeling:
- Hypersensitivity Reactions and Anaphylaxis see Warnings and Precautions
- Abnormal Ovarian Enlargement see Warnings and Precautions
- Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome see Warnings and Precautions
- Atelectasis, acute respiratory distress syndrome and exacerbation of asthma see Warnings and Precautions
- Thromboembolic events see Warnings and Precautions
- Ovarian Torsion see Warnings and Precautions
- Multi-fetal Gestation and Birth see Warnings and Precautions
- Congenital Malformations see Warnings and Precautions
- Ectopic Pregnancy see Warnings and Precautions
- Spontaneous Abortion see Warnings and Precautions
- Ovarian Neoplasms see Warnings and Precautions
Clinical Study Experience
Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trial of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.
The safety of Gonal-f RFF was examined in two clinical studies (one ovulation induction study and one ART study).
In a multiple cycle (3), assessor- blind, multinational, multicenter, active comparator study vs. a recombinant FSH comparator, a total of 83 oligo-anovulatory infertile women were randomized and underwent ovulation induction with Gonal-f RFF. Adverse reactions occurring in at least 2.0% of women receiving Gonal-f RFF are listed in Table 1.
|System Organ Class/Adverse
N=83a (176 treatment cyclesb)
|Central and Peripheral Nervous System|
|Abdominal Pain||10 (12.0%)|
|Ovarian Cyst||3 (3.6%)|
|Ovarian Hyperstimulation||6 (7.2%)|
|Injection Site Pain||4 (4.8%)|
|Injection Site Inflammation||2 (2.4%)|
a total number of women treated with Gonal-f RFF
b up to 3 treatment cycles per woman
c number of women with the adverse reaction
Assisted Reproductive Technology
In a single cycle, assessor-blind, multinational, multicenter, active comparator study vs. a recombinant FSH comparator, a total of 237 normal ovulatory infertile women were randomized and received Gonal-f RFF as part of an ART [in vitro fertilization (IVF) or intracytoplasmic sperm injection cycle (ICSI)] cycle. All women received pituitary down-regulation with gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist before stimulation. Adverse Reactions occurring in at least 2.0% of women are listed in Table 2.
|System Organ Class/Adverse Reactions||Gonal-f RFF
|Abdominal Pain||55 (23.2%)|
|Body as a Whole- General|
|Abdomen Enlarged||33 (13.9%)|
|Central and Peripheral Nervous System|
|Application Site Disorders|
|Injection Site Bruising||23 (9.7%)|
|Injection Site Pain||13 (5.5%)|
|Injection Site Inflammation||10 (4.2%)|
|Injection Site Reaction||10 (4.2%)|
|Application Site Edema||6 (2.5%)|
|Ovarian Hyperstimulation||11 (4.6%)|
a total number of women treated with Gonal-f RFF
b number of women with the adverse reaction
The following adverse reactions have been reported during postmarketing use of Gonal-f RFF. Because these reactions were reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, the frequency or a causal relationship to Gonal-f RFF cannot be reliably determined.
Body as a Whole - General: Hypersensitivity reactions including anaphylactoid reactions see Warnings and Precautions
Respiratory System: Asthma
No drug-drug interaction studies have been performed.
Use in Specific Populations
Pregnancy Category X see Contraindications.
Embryofetal development studies with recombinant human FSH in rats, where dosing occurred during organogenesis, showed a dose dependent increase in difficult and prolonged parturition in dams, and dose dependent increases in resorptions, pre- and post- implantation losses, and stillborn pups at doses representing 5 and 41 times the lowest clinical dose of 75 IU based on body surface area. Pre-/post-natal development studies with recombinant human FSH in rats, where dosing occurred from mid-gestation through lactation, showed difficult and prolonged parturition in all dams dosed at 41 times the lowest clinical dose of 75 IU based on body surface area, along with maternal death and stillborn pups associated with the difficult and prolonged parturition. This toxicity was not observed in dams and offspring dosed at a level 5 times the lowest clinical dose of 75 IU based on body surface area.
It is not known whether this drug is excreted in human milk. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk and because of the potential for serious adverse reactions in the nursing infant from Gonal-f RFF Redi-ject, a decision should be made whether to discontinue nursing or to discontinue the drug, taking into account the importance of the drug to the mother.
Safety and effectiveness in pediatric patients have not been established.
Renal and Hepatic Insufficiency
Safety, efficacy, and pharmacokinetics of Gonal-f RFF Redi-ject in women with renal or hepatic insufficiency have not been established.
Aside from possible OHSS see Warnings and Precautions and multiple gestations see Warnings and Precautions, there is no additional information on the consequences of acute overdosage with Gonal-f RFF Redi-ject.
How Supplied/Storage and Handling
Gonal-f RFF Redi-ject is a disposable, prefilled multiple-dose delivery system containing a sterile, ready-to-use liquid formulation of follitropin alfa. Each Redi-ject is supplied in a carton containing 29G x ½ inch disposable needles to be used for administration.
The following package presentations are available:
NDC 44087-1115-1 - One Gonal-f RFF Redi-ject contains 415 International Units of follitropin alfa to deliver 300 International Units per 0.5 mL and 5 single-use disposable 29G x ½” needles
NDC 44087-1116-1 - One Gonal-f RFF Redi- ject contains 568 International Units of follitropin alfa to deliver 450 International Units per 0.75 mL and 7 single-use disposable 29G x ½” needles
NDC 44087-1117-1 - One Gonal-f RFF Redi-ject contains 1026 International Units of follitropin alfa to deliver 900 International Units per 1.5 mL and 14 single-use disposable 29G x ½” needles
Storage and Handling
Store the Gonal-f RFF Redi-ject refrigerated 2°C to 8°C (36°F to 46°F) until dispensed. Upon dispensing, store Redi- ject refrigerated 2°C to 8°C (36°F to 46°F) until the expiration date, or at room temperature 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F) for up to three months or until the expiration date, whichever occurs first. After the first injection, store refrigerated 2°C to 8°C (36°F to 46°F) or at room temperature 20°C to 25°C (68°F to 77°F) for up to 28 days. Protect from light. Do not freeze. Discard unused material after 28 days.
Patient Counseling Information
See FDA-approved patient labeling (Patient Information and Instructions for Use)
Dosing and Use of Gonal-f RFF Redi-ject
Instruct women on the correct usage and dosing of Gonal-f RFF Redi-ject see Dosage and Administration. Instruct women to view the dose display in bright light and to adjust the position of the Gonal-f RFF Redi-ject to minimize dose window glare. Caution women not to change the dosage or the schedule of administration unless she is told to do so by her healthcare provider. Instruct women to remove the Gonal-f RFF Redi-ject from the refrigerator at least 30 minutes prior to use in order to allow Gonal-f RFF Redi-ject to warm to room temperature and avoid the discomfort of a cold injection.
Duration and Necessary Monitoring in Women Undergoing Therapy With Gonal-f RFF Redi-ject
Prior to beginning therapy with Gonal-f RFF Redi-ject, inform women about the time commitment and monitoring procedures necessary for treatment see Dosage and Administration and Warnings and Precautions.
Instructions Regarding a Missed Dose
Inform the woman that if she misses or forgets to take a dose of Gonal-f RFF Redi-ject, the next dose should not be doubled and she should call her healthcare provider for further dosing instructions.
Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome
Inform women regarding the risks of OHSS see Warnings and Precautions and OHSS-associated symptoms including lung and blood vessel problems see Warnings and Precautions and ovarian torsion see Warnings and Precautions with the use of Gonal-f RFF Redi-ject.
Multi-Fetal Gestation and Birth
Inform women regarding the risk of multi-fetal gestation and birth with the use of Gonal-f RFF Redi-ject see Warnings and Precautions
Manufactured for: EMD Serono, Inc., Rockland, MA 02370 U.S.A.