Depo Provera - Consumer Medicine Information
|Condition:||Abnormal Uterine Bleeding, Amenorrhea, Birth Control (Contraception), Contraception (Birth Control), Endometrial Cancer, Endometrial Hyperplasia, Prophylaxis, Endometriosis, Renal Cell Carcinoma|
|Class:||Contraceptives, Hormones, Progestins|
|Form:||Liquid solution, Intramuscular (IM)|
|Ingredients:||medroxyprogesterone acetate, methylparaben, polyethylene glycol 3350, polysorbate 80, propylparaben, sodium chloride, and water for injection. It may also contain hydrochloric acid, sodium hydroxide or both|
Medroxyprogesterone acetate injectable suspension
Serious Warnings and Precautions
- Low Bone Density (osteoporosis): DEPO-PROVERA may cause your bones to become less dense. This can lead to osteoporosis or broken bones. It is worse the longer you use the drug. The effect on your bones may not be reversed by stopping the drug. This is of concern because adolescence and young adulthood are times to build bone density for later in life.
- Only use DEPO-PROVERA if you and your healthcare professional decide that no other treatment will work for you.
- Use them for the shortest period of time possible.
- Your risks and benefits should be regularly reevaluated by you and your doctor.
- You should not smoke. It increases the risk of serious side effects on the heart and blood vessels.
- DEPO-PROVERA DOES NOT PROTECT against sexually transmitted infections. This includes HIV/AIDS. Use condoms (latex or polyurethane) to reduce the risk.
What is Depo Provera Used For
- for birth control to prevent pregnancy
- to treat endometriosis
How Does Depo Provera Work
For Birth Control
DEPO-PROVERA works in 3 ways to make pregnancy unlikely:
- stops the maturing of the egg in the ovaries
- changes the lining of the uterus
- thickens the mucous in the cervix
DEPO-PROVERA is more than 99.7 percent effective to prevent pregnancy.
For Treatment of Endometriosis
It helps shrink endometrium-like tissue found outside the uterus.
What are the Ingredients in Depo Provera
Methylparaben, polyethylene glycol 3350, polysorbate 80, propylparaben, sodium chloride, and water for injection. It may also contain hydrochloric acid, sodium hydroxide or both.
Depo Provera Comes As
Depo-Provera: sterile Aqueous Suspension (50 mg/mL and 150 mg/mL in vials)
Do Not Use Depo Provera If
- You are pregnant or think you might be
- Your menstrual periods have not started
- You have unusual vaginal bleeding without a known reason
- You have blood in your urine
- You have or suspect a cancer. It can be of the breast, uterus or ovaries. It can be a cancer that grows in response to progesterone.
- You have breast lumps or breast abnormalities without a known reason
- You have had blood clots in the legs, lungs, eyes or another part of the body, or inflammation of the veins (thrombophlebitis)
- You have problems with your blood clotting system that increase your risk of developing blood clots
- You have had a stroke, heart attack, heart disease or coronary artery disease
- You have severe high blood pressure
- You have very high levels of blood cholesterol or triglycerides
- You smoke and are over age 35
- You have diabetes with complications
- You have had a loss of vision due to blood vessel disease of the eye
- You have migraine headaches or a history of them
- You have yellowing of the eyes or skin (jaundice), liver disease or a liver tumour
- You are allergic to medroxyprogesterone acetate or to any of the ingredients
If you want to get pregnant in the near future, you should discuss other treatments with your healthcare professional. DEPO-PROVERA may not be the right treatment for you.
To help avoid side effects and ensure proper use, talk to your healthcare professional before you get an injection of DEPO-PROVERA. Talk about any health conditions or problems you may have, including if you have:
- Breast cancer or family history of breast cancer, abnormal breast exam or mammogram
- Diabetes, or a family history of it
- Seizures, convulsions or epilepsy
- Migraine headaches
- A heart attack or other heart problems
- Stroke or blood clots (coagulation disorder)
- Kidney problems
- High blood pressure, or a family history of it
- Mental depression
- Menstrual periods that are very light or that occur in an irregular pattern
- A history of smoking or are a current smoker
- A scheduled lab test or surgery
Other Warnings You Should Know About
Low Bone Density (Osteoporosis)
DEPO-PROVERA may cause your bones to become less dense.
Other risk factors for low bone density are:
- bone disease
- strong family history of osteoporosis
- use of certain steroids or anti-seizure drugs
- drinking a lot of alcohol
- low body weight or anorexia nervosa or bulemia (eating disorders)
Talk with your doctor about how:
- to keep your risk as low as possible
- to strengthen your bones
Use of this drug has not shown an increased risk of cancer of the liver, breast, ovary, or cervix. There is a decrease risk of cancer of the uterus.
Some women who took DEPO-PROVERA got breast cancer. This seems to occur if:
- you were under 35 years old when you took the drug.
- you used the drug in the 4 years before being diagnosed with breast cancer.
Talk to your doctor about breast self-examination.
Talk to your doctor if you develop risk factors for blood clots. These include:
- start smoking
- recent major surgery (such as hip or knee replacement)
- immobility due to air travel or other reason
You should not use either of these drugs if you are pregnant, or think that you may be pregnant. The drugs will not prevent the pregnancy from continuing. They may interfere with the normal development of your baby.
When Might You Get Pregnant After Stopping the Injections
If you want to become pregnant, tell your healthcare professional. DEPO-PROVERA will not make you infertile. It takes time after the last injection for the drug’s effect to wear off. Most women wait six to eight months to start ovulating and have regular periods. This must occur before you can get pregnant.
After their last injection, women get pregnant:
- within 6 months, 54%
- within 1 year, 76%
- within 2 years, 92%
It can take more than 2 years for some women to get pregnant. This does not depend on how long the drugs were used.
What if You Do NOT Want to Get Pregnant After Stopping the Injections
You must start using another method of birth control 3 months after your last injection.
Tell your healthcare professional about all the medicines you take, including any drugs, vitamins, minerals, natural supplements or alternative medicines.
The Following May Interact With Depo Provera
- Aminoglutethimide: a drug used to treat Cushing's syndrome.
- Rifampin: a drug used to treat tuberculosis (TB) and some other infections.
How is Depo Provera Given to Patients
DEPO-PROVERA is given as an injection by your healthcare professional. DEPO-PROVERA is injected deep into the muscles of your buttock or upper arm.
Usual Dose for Birth Control
- If your period bleeding pattern is not normal for you, have a pregnancy test first.
- Get your first injection within 5 days of starting your period. If this is followed, Depo-Provera will start working on the day of the injection.
- If the injection is given after the first 5 days of your period, it may not start to protect you from pregnancy for another 3-4 weeks. During these 3-4 weeks you MUST use another nonhormonal birth control method.
Get an injection every 3 months. If you can’t see your healthcare professional right at 3 months, you can go a week or two early.
After a Miscarriage or Abortion
Talk with your healthcare professional about when you may start using DEPO-PROVERA.
After Having a Baby, if You Are
- NOT breast-feeding or NOT planning to breast-feed:
Get your first injection during the 5 days after having your baby. It will start working as soon as you have the injection.
- Breast-feeding or planning to breast-feed:
It is recommended to wait at least 6 weeks after having your baby before you get an injection. A very small amount of drug will go into your milk. These drugs should not affect the amount or quality of your milk. Talk with your doctor to determine the risk to the baby or of getting pregnant.
Talk with your doctor about the chance that you may get pregnant during this time. You and your doctor can decide what other birth controls to use, and when you can start the drug.
Usual Dose For Endometriosis
Treatment should last for at least 6 months with either:
- One 50 mg injection every week
- One 100 mg injection every 2 weeks
|If you think you were injected too much DEPO-PROVERA, contact your healthcare professional, hospital emergency department or regional Poison Control Centre immediately, even if there are no symptoms.|
If you have not had an injection within 13 weeks of your last injection, you should have a pregnancy test before getting any further injections. This is in case you became pregnant in the meantime.
What are Possible Side Effects From Using Depo Provera
These are not all the possible side effects you may feel when using Depo-Provera. If you experience any side effects not listed here, contact your healthcare professional. Please also see the box called “Serious Warnings and Precautions.”
Side effects may include:
- tiredness, problems sleeping
- leg cramps, joint pain, backache
- pain in your pelvic area, lower sex drive, hot flashes, bloating
- skin reaction, lump, pus collection or change in colour at the injection site
- nervousness, dizziness
- no hair growth or excessive hair growth
You may gain weight because your appetite has increased. If you notice this over a short period of time, tell your healthcare professional to make a plan about what to do.
Change in your periods:
- more or less often
- lighter or heavier
For the first 3 to 6 months after the first injection, bleeding:
- can come and go
- can’t be predicted
- can last much longer than usual
Over the next few months, bleeding:
- usually becomes lighter
After about a year, your periods:
- may stop completely
DEPO-PROVERA can cause low bone density. Your doctor will decide when to perform bone density tests and interpret the results.
Serious Side Effects, how Often They Happen and What to Do About Them
|Symptom / effect||Talk to your healthcare|
|Stop taking drug and|
|Abdominal pain, nausea or vomiting||✓|
|Headache or a migraine that gets worse||✓|
|Depression: sad mood that doesn’t go away. If you have a history of depression, these drugs may make your depression worse.||✓|
|Very heavy bleeding that lasts for several days||✓|
|Edema: swelling of the arms and legs||✓|
|Osteoporosis: weak bones, increased risk that your bones might break especially as you get older than 50.||✓|
|Breast lumps, swelling and tenderness||✓|
|Convulsions or seizures||✓|
|Pain or heaviness in the chest||✓|
|Allergic reaction: rash, hives, swelling of the face, lips, tongue or throat, difficulty swallowing or breathing||✓|
|Blood clot in the leg (deep vein thrombosis): leg swelling or pain||✓|
|Blood clot in the lung: sharp chest pain, coughing up blood, or sudden shortness of breath||✓|
|Blood clot in the eye: sudden loss of all or part of your vision or double vision||✓|
|Stroke or blood clot in the brain: a sudden severe headache, vomiting, dizziness, fainting, problems with your vision or speech, weakness, or numbness in the face, arm or leg||✓|
|Cancer of the cervix: Unexpected bleeding from the vagina||✓|
|Urinary tract Infection: blood in urine. Pain when you go pee.||✓|
|Yellowing of the skin or eyes (jaundice)||✓|
|Paralysis: it is hard or you are unable to move a part of your body||✓|
|Heart Attack: gradual chest pain, tightness pressure or squeezing. Pain in the arm, jaw or back. Trouble breathing, anxiety, and sweating||✓|
If you have a troublesome symptom or side effect that is not listed here or becomes bad enough to interfere with your daily activities, talk to your healthcare professional.
Reporting Side Effects
You can help improve the safe use of health products for Canadians by reporting serious and unexpected side effects to Health Canada. Your report may help to identify new side effects and change the product safety information.
3 ways to report:
- Online at MedEffect
- By calling 1-866-234-2345 (toll-free);
- By completing a Consumer Side Effect Reporting Form and sending it by:
- Fax to 1-866-678-6789 (toll-free), or
- Mail to: Canada Vigilance Program
Health Canada, Postal Locator 0701E
Postage paid labels and the Consumer Side Effect Reporting Form are available at MedEffect.
NOTE: Contact your health professional if you need information about how to manage your side effects. The Canada Vigilance Program does not provide medical advice.
Your healthcare professional may store your drug. If not, this is what to do:
Make sure the drugs do not freeze.
- Keep out of reach and sight of children. Store vials upright. Store at room temperature (15℃ to 30℃).