What Baraclude is used for and how to use it
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Baraclude - Consumer Medicine Information

Manufacture: Bristol-Myers Squibb
Country: Canada
Condition: Hepatitis B
Class: Nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs)
Form: Tablets, Syrup
Ingredients: entecavir, lactose monohydrate, microcrystalline cellulose, crospovidone, povidone, magnesium stearate, titanium dioxide, hypromellose, polyethylene glycol 400, polysorbate 80; entecavir, citric acid, maltitol, methylparaben, orange flavor, propylparaben and sodium citrate

(entecavir)

About this medication

What the medication is used for

BARACLUDE is a prescription medicine used for chronic infection with hepatitis B virus (HBV) in adults who also have active liver damage.

What it does

  • BARACLUDE may lower the amount of HBV in the body
  • BARACLUDE may lower the ability of HBV to multiply and infect new liver cells
  • BARACLUDE may reduce the damage to the liver by HBV

BARACLUDE will not cure HBV infection.

It is important to stay under your healthcare provider’s care while taking BARACLUDE. Your healthcare provider will test the level of the hepatitis B virus in your blood regularly.

When it should not be used

Do not take BARACLUDE if you are allergic to any of its ingredients. The active ingredient in BARACLUDE is entecavir. See “What the nonmedicinal ingredients are” for a complete list of ingredients in BARACLUDE.

Tell your healthcare provider if you think you have had an allergic reaction to any of these ingredients.

BARACLUDE has not been studied in children and is not recommended for anyone less than 16 years old.

What the medicinal ingredient is

Entecavir

What the nonmedicinal ingredients are

BARACLUDE tablets: lactose monohydrate, microcrystalline cellulose, crospovidone, povidone, magnesium stearate, titanium dioxide, hypromellose, polyethylene glycol 400, polysorbate 80.

BARACLUDE Oral Solution: citric acid, maltitol, methylparaben, orange flavor, propylparaben and sodium citrate.

What dosage forms it comes in

  • BARACLUDE film-coated tablets
  • BARACLUDE Oral Solution

Does BARACLUDE lower the risk of passing HBV to others

BARACLUDE does not stop you from spreading HBV to others by sex, sharing needles, or being exposed to your blood. Talk to your healthcare provider about safe sexual practices that protect your partner. Never share needles. Do not share personal items that can have blood or body fluids on them, like toothbrushes or razor blades. A shot (vaccine) is available to protect people at risk from becoming infected with HBV.

Warnings and precautions

Serious Warnings and Precautions

Severe worsening of hepatitis (liver inflammation) has occurred in patients who have stopped taking anti-hepatitis B therapy (including BARACLUDE) . Your doctor will monitor your condition in this case and may resume therapy.

Lactic acidosis (increase in acid level of blood) and severe hepatomegaly with steatosis (enlarged fatty liver), including fatal cases have been reported in patients using nucleoside analogue medicines, including BARACLUDE, either alone or in combination. Reports of lactic acidosis with BARACLUDE often involved patients who were seriously ill due to their liver disease or other medical condition. Lactic acidosis is a medical emergency andmust be treated in the hospital. Call your healthcare provider right away if you get any of the signs of lactic acidosis (see table Serious Side Effects and What to do About them).

Your hepatitis B infection may get worse or become very serious if you stop BARACLUDE.

  • take BARACLUDE exactly as prescribed
  • do not run out of BARACLUDE
  • do not stop BARACLUDE without talking to your healthcare provider

Your healthcare provider will need to monitor your health and do regular blood tests to check your liver if you stop BARACLUDE. Tell your healthcare provider right away about any new or unusual symptoms that you notice after you stop taking BARACLUDE.

If you have or get HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) infection be sure to discuss your treatment with your doctor. If you are taking BARACLUDE to treat chronic hepatitis B and are not taking medicines for your HIV at the same time, some HIV treatments that you take in the future may be less likely to work. You are advised to get an HIV test before you start taking BARACLUDE and anytime after that when there is a chance you were exposed to HIV. BARACLUDE will not help your HIV infection.

BEFORE you use BARACLUDE talk to your healthcare provider about all of your medical conditions, including if you:

  • have had a liver transplant.
  • have kidney problems. Your doctor may need to adjust your BARACLUDE dose or dose schedule.
  • have diabetes. The oral solution contains 6.5 mg/10 mL of maltitol as a sweetener.
  • are pregnant or planning to become pregnant. It is not known if BARACLUDE is safe to use during pregnancy. It is not known whether BARACLUDE helps prevent a pregnant mother from passing HBV to her baby. You and your healthcare provider will need to decide if BARACLUDE is right for you. If you use BARACLUDE while you are pregnant, talk to your healthcare provider about the BARACLUDE Pregnancy Registry.
  • are breast-feeding. It is not known if BARACLUDE can pass into your breast milk or if it can harm your baby. Do not breast-feed if you are taking BARACLUDE.
  • are lactose BARACLUDE tablets contain lactose. If you have been told that you have intolerance to some sugars, contact your doctor before taking this medicine.

Tell your healthcare provider about all the medicines you take including prescription and non-prescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements.

Know the medicines you take. Keep a list of your medicines with you to show your healthcare provider and pharmacist.

Interactions with this medication

BARACLUDE may interact with other medicines that leave the body through the kidneys.

Proper use of this medication

Take BARACLUDE exactly as prescribed. Your healthcare provider will tell you how much BARACLUDE to take. Your dose will depend on whether you have been treated for HBV infection before and what medicine you took.

Usual dose

The usual dose of BARACLUDE Tablets in adults and children over 16 years of age is either one or two 0.5 mg tablets once daily by mouth. The usual dose of BARACLUDE Oral Solution in adults and children over 16 years of age is either 10 mL or 20 mL once daily by mouth. Your dose may be lower or you may take BARACLUDE less often than once a day, if you have kidney problems.

  • Take BARACLUDE once a day on an empty stomach to help it work better. Empty stomach means at least 2 hours after a meal and at least 2 hours before the next meal. To help you remember to take your BARACLUDE, try to take it at the same time each day.
  • If you are taking BARACLUDE Oral Solution, carefully measure your dose with the spoon provided, as follows:
  1. Hold the spoon in a vertical (upright) position and fill it gradually to the mark corresponding to the prescribed dose. Holding the spoon with the volume marks facing you, check that it has been filled to the proper mark
  2. Swallow the medicine directly from the measuring spoon
  3. After each use, rinse the spoon with water and allow it to air dry.
  4. If you lose the spoon, call your pharmacist or healthcare provider for instructions.
    • Do not change your dose or stop taking BARACLUDE without talking to your healthcare provider. Your hepatitis B symptoms may get worse or become serious if you stop taking BARACLUDE. After you stop taking BARACLUDE, it is important to stay under your healthcare provider’s care. Your healthcare provider will need to do regular blood tests to check your liver.
    • When your supply of BARACLUDE starts to run low, get more from your healthcare provider or pharmacy. Do not run out of BARACLUDE.

Overdose

In case of drug overdosage, contact a healthcare practitioner (e.g. doctor) hospital emergency department or regional poison control centre, even if there are no symptoms.

Missed Dose

If you forget to take BARACLUDE, take it as soon as you remember and then take your next dose at its regular time. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose. Do not take two doses at the same time. Call your healthcare provider or pharmacist if you are not sure what to do.

Side effects and what to do about them

The most common side effects of BARACLUDE are headache, tiredness, dizziness, and nausea. Rash has also been reported. Less common side effects include diarrhea, indigestion, vomiting, sleepiness, and trouble sleeping. In some patients, the results of blood tests that measure how the liver or pancreas is working may worsen.

Serious side effects and what to do about them

Symptom / effectTalk with your doctor or pharmacistStop taking drug and call your doctor or pharmacist
Only if severe In all cases
Lactic acidosis (high level of lactic acid in the blood)Symptoms:
Feeling very weak or tired
Unusual (not normal) muscle pain
Trouble breathing
Stomach pain with nausea and vomiting
Feeling cold especially in arms and legs
Feeling dizzy or lightheaded
Fast or irregular heartbeat
Worsening hepatitis (inflamed liver), liver enlargement (hepatomegaly) or fatty liver Symptoms:
Skin or the white part of eyes turn yellow (jaundice)
Dark urine
Bowel movements (stools) turn light in colour
Nausea
Lower stomach pain
Loss of appetite for several days or longer

This is not a complete list of side effects. For any unexpected effects while taking BARACLUDE, contact your doctor or pharmacist.

How to store it

Store BARACLUDE Tablets and Oral Solution at room temperature, 15˚ to 30˚ C (59˚ F to 86˚ F). Keep the bottles in their outer carton to protect from light. They do not require refrigeration.

Do not store BARACLUDE Tablets in a damp place such as a bathroom medicine cabinet or near the kitchen sink.

Keep the container tightly closed.

Discard BARACLUDE when it is outdated or no longer needed by returning the unused portion to your pharmacist for proper disposal.

Keep BARACLUDE and all medicines out of the reach of children and pets.

General Information

Medicines are sometimes prescribed for conditions other than those described in patient information leaflets. Do not use BARACLUDE for a condition for which it was not prescribed. Do not give BARACLUDE to other people, even if they have the same symptoms you have. It may harm them. The leaflet summarizes the most important information about BARACLUDE. If you would like more information, talk with your healthcare provider. You can also call Bristol Myers Squibb Canada at telephone number 1-866-463-6267.

Reporting suspected side effects

You can report any suspected adverse reactions associated with the use of health products to the Canada Vigilance Program by one of the following 3 ways:

  • Report online at www.healthcanada.gc.ca/medeffect
  • Call toll-free at 1-866-234-2345
  • Complete a Canada Vigilance Reporting Form and:
    • Fax toll-free to 1-866-678-6789, or
    • Mail to: Canada Vigilance Program
                     Health Canada
                     Postal Locator 0701D
                     Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0K9

Postage paid labels, Canada Vigilance Reporting Forms and the adverse reaction reporting guidelines are available on the MedEffect™ Canada Web site at www.healthcanada.gc.ca/medeffect.

NOTE: Should you require information related to the management of side effects, contact your health professional. The Canada Vigilance Program does not provide medical advice.

More information

 This document plus the full product monograph, prepared for health professionals, can be obtained by contacting the sponsor, Bristol-Myers Squibb Canada at 1-866-463-6267.